Buddhism Hinduism No "value judgement" is implied by this list. There are adjectives with both positive and negative connotations which describe both ends of this spectrum. From an academic, comparative religions viewpoint, there is no basis for "prescribing" whether it is better for a religion to be highly unified, cohesive, monolithic, and lacking in internal religious diversity, or whether it is better to be fragmented, schismatic, diverse, multifaceted and abounding in variations on the same theme. In a practical sense, most people actually practice only one form of whatever religion they belong to.
Connecting with the Divine The major world religions and their beliefs about God. So what about the major world religions? Is there anything in them that might give our lives greater depth and direction?
The following looks at the major world religions The ending explains how Jesus' teaching differs from the major religions.
The description given here focuses on the core beliefs of each religion. Other major religions, such as Judaism, could be discussed, but for brevity, we have chosen these.
Hinduism and its beliefs Most Hindus worship one Being of ultimate oneness Brahman through infinite representations of gods and goddesses. These various deities become incarnate within idols, temples, gurus, rivers, animals, etc. Hindus believe their position in this present life was determined by their actions in a previous life.
Hinduism therefore provides a possible explanation for suffering and evil in this life. Pain, disease, poverty or a disaster like a flood is deserved by that person because of their own evil actions, usually from a previous lifetime.
A Hindu's goal is to become free from the law of karma Only the soul matters which will one day be free of the cycle of rebirths and be at rest. Hinduism lets a person choose how to work toward spiritual perfection.
There are three possible ways to end this cycle of karma: Be lovingly devoted to any of the Hindu deities; 2. Grow in knowledge through meditation of Brahman oneness Be dedicated to various religious ceremonies and rites.
New Age Spirituality and its beliefs New Age Spirituality promotes the development of the person's own power or divinity. When referring to deity, a follower of this type of spirituality is not talking about a transcendent, personal God who created the universe, but is referring to a higher consciousness within themselves.
A person pursuing spiritual development would see themselves as deity, the cosmos, the universe. In fact, everything that the person sees, hears, feels or imagines is to be considered divine. Highly eclectic, New Age Spirituality is a collection of ancient spiritual traditions, taught by a vast array of speakers, books and seminars.
It acknowledges many gods and goddesses, as in Hinduism. The Earth is viewed as the source of all spirituality, and has its own intelligence, emotions and deity. But superseding all is self. Self is the originator, controller and power over all. There is no reality outside of what the person determines.
New Age teaches eastern mysticism and spiritual, metaphysical and psychic techniques, such as breathing exercises, chanting, drumming, meditating Anything negative a person experiences failures, sadness, anger, selfishness, hurt is considered an illusion. Believing themselves to be completely sovereign over their life, nothing about their life is wrong, negative or painful.
Eventually a person develops spiritually to the degree that there is no objective, external reality. A person, becoming a god, creates their own reality. Buddhism and its beliefs Buddhists do not worship any gods or God.
People outside of Buddhism often think that Buddhists worship the Buddha. However, the Buddha Siddhartha Gautama never claimed to be divine, but rather he is viewed by Buddhists as having attained what they are also striving to attain, which is spiritual enlightenment and, with it, freedom from the continuous cycle of life and death.
Most Buddhists believe a person has countless rebirths, which inevitably include suffering. A Buddhist seeks to end these rebirths. Buddhists believe it is a person's cravings, aversion and delusion that cause these rebirths. Therefore, the goal of a Buddhist is to purify one's heart and to let go of all yearnings toward sensual desires and the attachment to oneself.
Buddhists follow a list of religious principles and adhere to personal restraint, fasting and very dedicated meditation. When a Buddhist meditates it is not the same as praying or focusing on a god, it is more of a self-discipline.The major Abrahamic religions in chronological order of founding are Judaism in the 7th century BCE, Christianity in the 1st century CE, and Islam in the 7th century CE.
Christianity, Islam, and Judaism are the Abrahamic religions with the greatest numbers of adherents. This is a chart I use with my students to compare five major world religions-- Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism.
It is meant to have the students learn the basics and be able to know the major aspects of all the religions.4/5(). Types of Religion is an online educational resource for all the religions of the world. Learn about Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and more.
Zoroastrianism is a founding belief system acknowledged to have heavily influenced both Abrahamic (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) and Dharmic (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism) religions. Judaism shares many similar teachings with Christianity and Islam and is years old, making it one of the oldest religions of the world.
Jews believe in Moses as and their holy book is the Torah. Rabbi Professor Daniel Sperber. During the s comparative religion scholars increasingly recognized Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism as the most significant "world religions." Even today, these are considered the "Big Five" and are the religions most likely to be covered in world religion books.