The lighthouseof alexandria

Pharos actually was not a true island: It was connected to the mainland by a dike, called the Heptastadion. In this way, Alexandria had two harbors, one on either side of the dike.

The lighthouseof alexandria

Origin[ edit ] Three-dimensional reconstruction based on a comprehensive study Pharos was a small island located on the western edge of the Nile Delta. Alexandria and Pharos were later connected by a mole [5] spanning more than metres. The east side of the mole became the Great Harbour, now an open bay; on the west side lay the port of Eunostos, with its inner basin Kibotos now vastly enlarged to form the modern harbour.

Today's city development lying between the present Grand Square and the modern Ras el-Tin quarter is built on the silt which gradually widened and obliterated this The lighthouseof alexandria, and the Ras el-Tin promontory represents all that is left of the island of Pharos, [6] the site of the lighthouse at its eastern point having been weathered away by the sea.

Construction[ edit ] The Lighthouse on coins minted in Alexandria in the second century 1: Lighthouse remains found in the Mediterranean Sea.

The lighthouse was constructed in the 3rd century BC. After Alexander the Great died, the first Ptolemy Ptolemy I Soter announced himself king in BC, and commissioned its construction shortly thereafter.

The light was produced by a furnace at the top, and the tower The lighthouseof alexandria said to have been built mostly with solid blocks of limestone. Strabo reported that Sostratus had a dedication inscribed in metal letters to the "Saviour Gods".

Before the construction of the lighthouse

Later Pliny the Elder wrote that Sostratus was the architect, which is disputed. This was so that when the plaster with Ptolemy's name fell off, Sostratus's name would be visible in the stone. The height they give varies only fifteen per cent from c. At its apex was positioned a mirror which reflected sunlight during the day; a fire was lit at night.

Extant Roman coins struck by the Alexandrian mint show that a statue of Triton was positioned on each of the building's four corners. A statue of Poseidon or Zeus stood atop the lighthouse. Finally the stubby remnant disappeared inwhen the then- Sultan of EgyptQaitbaybuilt a medieval fort on the larger platform of the lighthouse site using some of the fallen stone.

The 10th-century writer al-Mas'udi reports a legendary tale on the lighthouse's destruction, according to which at the time of Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan r. The search was cunningly made in such a manner that the foundations were undermined, and the Pharos collapsed.

The agent managed to escape in a ship waiting for him. She confirmed the existence of the ruins representing part of the lighthouse. Due to the lack of specialized archaeologists and the area becoming a military zone, exploration was put on hold.

Some of these remains were brought up and were lying at the harbour on public view at the end of It is possible to go diving and see the ruins.

The lighthouseof alexandria

In it was suggested [20] that the Pharos was the vertical yardstick used in the first precise measurement of the size of the Earth.

Proposed reconstruction[ edit ] Since a number of proposals have been made to replace the lighthouse with a modern reconstruction. Inthe Egyptian government and the Alexandria governorate suggested building a skyscraper on the site of the lighthouse as part of the regeneration of the eastern harbour of Alexandria Port.

Lighthouse of Alexandria Facts

The plan was opposed by Alexandria-based sociologist Amro Ali. A stylised representation of the lighthouse appears on the flag and seal of the Governorate and on many public services of the city, including the seal of Alexandria University.

It dates to the reign of Ptolemy II — BCand is therefore likely to have been built at about the same time as the Alexandria Pharos. The design of minarets in many early Egyptian Islamic mosques followed a similar three-stage design to that of the Pharos, attesting to the building's broader architectural influence.

Now because of the narrowness of the strait there can be no access by ship to the harbour without the consent of those who hold the Pharos. In view of this, Caesar took the precaution of landing his troops while the enemy was preoccupied with fighting, seized the Pharos and posted a garrison there.

The result was that safe access was secured for his corn supplies and reinforcements. The Romano-Jewish historian Josephus 37 — c. It was described in the Zhu fan zhi "Records of Foreign Peoples" by Zhao Rugua —a Chinese customs inspector for the southern port city of Quanzhou during the Song dynasty.

When he returned inhe "found that it had fallen into so ruinous a condition that it was impossible to enter it or to climb up to the doorway.

In video games[ edit ] The lighthouse was one of the Wonders of the World that could be built in the computer game Civilization by Sid Meier, giving a bonus to ship movement. It would appear again in all the latter installments of the series.The Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World.

Situated on the small offshore island of Pharos, the Lighthouse lit the way for many a sailor navigating the tricky harbor into what was then one of the world's centers of civilization. Pharos actually was not a true island: It was connected to the mainland by . Pharos of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the World and the most famous lighthouse in antiquity.

It was a technological triumph and is the archetype of all lighthouses since. Built by Sostratus of Cnidus, perhaps for Ptolemy I Soter. The Lighthouse of Alexandria, or the Pharos, was a tall tower built between and BCE.

It was built on the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt to serve as a lighthouse for sailors. The top of the tower had a mirror that reflected . The Lighthouse of Alexandria was the first lighthouse in the world. Construction began in BC and took twenty years to complete.

When it was done it was the tallest building in the world at the time, except for the Great Pyramid. It was built on the island of Pharos, to help guide trade ships into its busy harbor at Alexandria, Egypt.

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was the first lighthouse in the world. Construction began in BC and took twenty years to complete.

The Lighthouse of Alexandria

When it was done it was the tallest building in the world at the time, except for the Great Pyramid. It was built on the island of Pharos, to help guide trade ships into its busy harbor at Alexandria, Egypt.

The lighthouse was . The Lighthouse of Alexandria, sometimes called the Pharos of Alexandria (/ ˈ f ɛər ɒ s /; Ancient Greek: ὁ Φάρος τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας, contemporary Koine Greek pronunciation: [ho leslutinsduphoenix.com teːs leslutinsduphoenix.coméːaːs]), was a lighthouse built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom, during the reign Ptolemy II Philadelphus (– BC) which has been estimated to be metres ( ft) in overall height.

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