Blacks mistrusted Franklin D. Roosevelt because of his party label, his evasiveness about racial issues in the campaign, and his choice of a running mate, House Speaker John Nance Garner of Texas. Lyncha former Republican Representative who represented Mississippi during Reconstruction and in the years immediately afterward, summed up the sentiments of older black voters and upper-middle-class professionals:
From the top down, the U. Department of Education drove the effort; from the bottom up, local educational bureaucrats have supported and implemented it. Kids who get suspended generally fail to graduate on time and are more likely to get caught up in the juvenile-justice system, they say.
The public schools of St. Paul, Minnesota, are ahead of the curve in the racial-equity crusade. The violence and chaos that racial-equity policies have produced there should sound alarms across the nation about what can be expected by pursuing this course.
Valeria Silva, who became superintendent of the St. Paul Public Schools in Decemberwas an early and impassioned proponent of racial-equity ideology. Inshe made the equity agenda a centerpiece of her Strong Schools, Strong Communities initiative.
Paul schools are about 32 percent Asian, 30 percent black, 22 percent white, 14 percent Hispanic, and 2 percent Native American.
Silva attacked the racial-equity discipline gap at its alleged root: In an effort to cut black discipline referrals, she lowered behavior expectations and dropped meaningful penalties for student misconduct.
The protocol ranked student offenses on five levels and required schools to report only the worst—including arson, aggravated assault, and firearm possession—to police. School officials were strongly encouraged to handle other serious offenses—such as assault, sexual violence, and drug possession—on their own.
In —12, disorderly conduct charges for district students dropped 38 percent from the previous school year. Inschool officials made referrals for misdemeanor and felony offenses.
Inthey made Paul Pioneer Press in Teachers received no extra support to deal with this unprecedented challenge.
Police had to use chemical irritants to disperse battling students. Police tried to break up the brawl, as staff strained to hold a door closed to prevent dozens of students from forcing their way through to join the fight.
To cut black discipline referrals, Silva lowered behavior expectations and dropped serious penalties for misconduct.
As the school year progressed, some high schools increasingly came to resemble war zones. Teachers suffered injuries while resisting classroom invasions or intervening in fights; police were compelled to Taser a disruptive student; and one teen brought a loaded gun to school, saying that he needed it to defend himself against rival gang members.
Students routinely spewed obscenities, pummeled classmates, and raced screaming through the halls, Benner wrote in his Pioneer Press article.
Elementary school teachers, like their high school counterparts, risked physical danger. Teacher Donna Wu was caught in a fight between two fifth-grade girls and knocked to the ground with a concussion.“Elections belong to the people. It's their decision. If they decide to turn their back on the fire and burn their behinds, then they will just have to sit on their blisters.”.
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Patience Amburn, 3rd grader at Hemphill Elementary, was awarded $ and a certificate for Second place in the National Rural Education Association Foundation Essay .
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Abstract In this paper we document a strong correlation between the use of primaries and the tran-sition from \party-based" voting to \candidate-oriented" voting in U.S.