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What does the candles stand for the menorah? There are 9 candles that are lit on Hanukkah.
One is the helper candle "shamash" used to light the other 8, which symbolize the 8 days of Hanukkah. A story in the Talmud … years after the Maccabean War tells of a legendary miracle.
After the war, When the Jews returned to rededicate the Ancient Temple, they found that there was only enough oil to keep the eternal lamp burning for 1 day.
It would take 8 days to make more of this special oil. So they lit the lamp, and it miraculously burned for 8 days, giving them plenty of time to make more oil to keep the lamp burning. Although this is just a legend, in modern times, we light candles to symbolize the miracle of the oil lasting 8 days.
The above answer is non-traditional.
The tradition of religious Judaism is that the miracle described above did indeed occur and is not a mere legend. And on Hanukkah, the chief celebration is not for the military victory.
It's for the miracle of the oil Talmud, Shabbat 21b ; and we also thank God for His having helped us to oust the Syrian-Greeks Seleucids and their lackeys, the Hellenizing Jews. The Seleucids who held power during part of the Second Temple eraat the instigation of the Hellenizers, had forbidden various Torah-practices such as Sabbath-observance, and pressed the Jews to offer up idolatrous sacrifices.
The Hasmoneans a religious Jewish family fought to retake the Holy Temple, which had been seized by the Seleucids, and to enable the people to once again observe the Torah.
When they reached the Temple grounds, they found only one day's supply of unsullied olive oil, but the oil lamps miraculously burned for eight days ibid. The significance of the miracle is that it demonstrated that God's presence still dwelt in the Holy Temple.
The Torah Sages instituted the festival of Hanukkah at that time Talmud, Shabbat 21bto publicize the miracle Rashi commentary, ibid. The eight-day rededication of the Temple is also mentioned in the book of Maccabees I, 4: The Al-Hanisim prayer which we recite during Hanukkah centers around the Hasmoneans' victory, while the candle-lighting commemorates the miracle of the oil.
Though the military victory is prominently mentioned in the prayers, it wouldn't have been celebrated if not for the miracle of the oil, just as we have no special occasion to mark Abraham's victory Genesis ch.
And though the Hasmonean battles continued for two decades after the retaking of the Templethe Sages instituted Hanukkah immediately after the miracle of the oil.
It should also be noted that the main goal for which the Maccabees fought was not political independence. They fought to enable the people to observe the Torah's commandments; as we say in the Al Hanisim prayer:Last week’s post on the spooky dimensions of reading—the one-on-one encounter, in the silent places of the mind, with another person’s thinking—sparked a lively discussion on the comments page, and no shortage of interesting questions.
Context of this essay is a detailed historical field research on the psycho–sociology of a modern secret society called Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.). Description. Exploring Science and Mathematics in a Child’s World provides a cohesive discussion of how to make learning science and mathematics both valuable and enjoyable for young children.
Part I chapters are foundational and help students understand child development, interrelated mathematics and science processes, and Concept Exploration design.
Observe a candle before it’s lit, while it’s burning, and after it’s blown out. Make careful observations being alert to observing aspects of the burning that you have not observed before. Record your observations in the table as well as any questions that arise in . What was the rate of the burning candle?
What was the rate of heating of the water? Explain how the heat from the combustion reaction is related to the temperature change of the water.
Experiment: Cover a burning candle with a pitcher so that the candle is in an air-tight room sealed by the water at the ground. Observations: After some time, the candle dims and goes out.
Just before the candle dies, the water level rises to almost 1/10 th of pitcher height.