Aphasia Description Aphasia is a neurological disorder caused by damage to the portions of the brain that are responsible for language. For most people, these are parts of the left side hemisphere of the brain.
Characteristics and Therapies Imagine a life where someone could not force words to come out of his or her mouth, even if he knew what he wanted to say. This type of non-verbal aphasia is often referenced as motor aphasia because of the lack of motor skills in the brain for speech production.
Thousands of people suffer from this disorder, and as a result communication between these people and society is incredibly difficult.
The area lies anterior to, or in front of, the premotor cortex, which helps control movements of the body. This excess brain damage often makes treatment more difficult because fewer brain areas can be used in compensation for the lost skills.
Myers discusses how the brain splits information processing into separate mental functions that also have subparts, which help carry out the processes in that area.
He uses the example of reading aloud to illustrate the phenomenon that when an area of the information pathway malfunctions, the message-relay halts.
According to Fogle speech is not formed from one single spot in the brain, but different words and definitions can be stored in numerous places. According to Myersaphasia is the impairment of language that has many outcomes, including problems in speaking or comprehension depending upon the type of aphasia present.
There are two types of aphasia: A main feature is the difficulty in saying the first sound in a word or first word in a phrase, along with problems beginning conversations combined with excessive effort during this speech.
They also have a slow speech rate of less than 50 words per minute, whereas most people have a speech rate between and words per minute.
There are often unusual pauses within and between words that are spoken with awkward intonation and stops in speech. Syntax refers to the rules of proper grammatical sentence structure Fogle, The goal was to determine if similar processes occur with the Dutch language as they do with the English language.
The experiment concluded that agrammatism relates closely to syntactic processing and formation, and that agrammatic sentence understanding is affected by syntactic structure processing deficiencies Burkhardt et al.
These issues are present while trying to produce sentences, but also in the actual verb production itself. These patients use very few lexical verbs—the main verbs of a sentence, and when these verbs are used there is a limited vocabulary bank of them Links et al.
This reduction in verb usage and telegraphic speech complicates conversation with these patients even further, because syntactically incorrect sentences with tense, effortful speech can be extremely hard to understand and respond to.
An actual conversation with an aphasic person, in this case a child, could look something like this: He also has lots of useless connecting sounds that escape while trying to make audible words. These results support the claims in Foglethat these patients have awkward pausing between words and the use of short, disjointed phrases instead of fluid sentences.
The person conversing with this child has a difficult understanding what he actually means to say about his toys, because all that comes out is a jumble of nouns and descriptions with no connecting words. Some therapies are targeted specifically at either children or adults, but others can be used on a wide age range of patients.
According to Foglethe initial goal of therapy is to make basic communication possible to convey simple life needs. This task can be attempted using two different approaches.
The first is restorative, where the therapist builds on processes that are impaired by teaching strategies and not just words.
The second approach is the compensatory approach, which is used to teach other forms of communication when restorative therapy is unsuccessful Fogle, ABSTRACT Phonetic and phonological impairments in Aphasia This paper presents a linguistic analysis of the phonetical and phonological impairments in 13 French aphasic speakers suffering from Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia.
First, the paper will provide a brief overview of aphasia describing the dominant paradigms and classification system typically used in current aphasia research. Second, the paper identifies some of the drawbacks to the mainstream classifications of aphasia.
First, the paper will provide a brief overview of aphasia describing the dominant paradigms and classification system typically used in current aphasia research.
Second, the paper identifies some of the drawbacks to the mainstream classifications of aphasia. - Implications of Research on Bilingual and Polyglot Aphasia Research conducted on bilingual and polyglot aphasics has brought interest into the field of linguistics mainly because of its contribution to L2 research, especially in providing explanations for the organization of distinct languages in the brain.
This paper therefore addresses. Name Date Professor’s Name Course Section/# Aphasia: An Analysis and Description Aphasia, a word that traces its origin to the original Greek which quite litera. Broca’s Aphasia Research Paper Broca’s Aphasia: Characteristics and Therapies Imagine a life where someone could not force words to come out of his or her mouth, even if he knew what he wanted to say.