Platt on February 25,
On 27 October Columbus sighted Cuba, he named the island Juana. The history of Cuba began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in and the subsequent invasion of the island by the Spaniards.
Thus, the impact of indigenous groups on subsequent Cuban society was limited, and Spanish culture, institutions, language, and religion prevailed.
Colonial society developed slowly after Spain colonized the island in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; pastoral pursuits and agriculture served as the basis of the economy.
For the first three centuries after the conquest, the island remained a neglected stopping point for the Spanish fleet, which visited the New World and returned to Spain with the mineral wealth of continental America. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol for Cuba's bid for independence against Spain in the 19th century.
Cuba awakened dramatically in the nineteenth century. In a scant few years, Cuba was transformed from a sleepy, unimportant island into the major sugar producer in the world. These factors, especially the latter two, delayed a move toward independence in the early nineteenth century.
While most of Latin America was breaking with Spain, Cuba remained loyal. The Independence Struggle and Beginning of U.
Toward the end of the nineteenth century, Cuban loyalty began to change as a result of Creole rivalry with Spaniards for the governing of the island, increased Spanish despotism and taxation, and the growth of Cuban nationalism. As a result of increasingly strained relations between Spain and the United States, the Americans entered the conflict in On May 20,after almost five years of U.
Prosperity increased during the early years. Social tensions were not profound. Yet corruption, violence, and political irresponsibility grew. The s saw a major attempt at revolution.
Prompted by the cruel dictatorship of Gerardo Machado y Morales president, —33the economic hardships of the world depression, and the growing control of their economy by Spaniards and North Americans, a group of Cubans led by students and intellectuals sought radical reforms and a profound transformation of Cuban society.
Following several small army revolts, Machado was forced to resign and flee the country on August 12, Yet political violence and corruption increased. A few conspired to take power by force. Fidel Castro on his way to bring down the Batista regime.
The Rise of Fidel Castro: It also began a brutal right-wing dictatorship that resulted in the polarization of society, civil war, the overthrow of Batista, and the destruction of the military and most other Cuban institutions.
Fidel Castro Ruz, a charismatic, anti-U. As the Castro regime expropriated U. The Cold War Period: Tensions between the two governments peaked during the Cuban Missile Crisis of October after the United States revealed the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Following the imposition of a U.Colonial Rule: The history of Cuba began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in and the subsequent invasion of the island by the Spaniards. Aboriginal groups—the Guanahatabey, Ciboney, and Taíno—inhabited the island but were soon eliminated or died as .
26th of July Movement, Spanish Movimiento 26 de Julio, revolutionary movement led by Fidel Castro that overthrew the regime of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba ().
Its name commemorates an attack on the Santiago de Cuba army barracks on July 26, The movement began formally in when Castro went to Mexico to form a disciplined guerrilla force.
The leaders of the movement remaining in Cuba . Information on Cuba — map of Cuba, geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics Denouncing the Soviets for “deliberate deception,” President Kennedy promised a U.S.
blockade of Cuba to stop the missile delivery. President Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro met at the Summit of the Americas in Panama. Like most former colonies, Cuba’s history of racism originated with the arrival of colonial Spanish settlers and their subordinated African slaves.
Cuba was one of the last Latin American countries to abolish slavery, by means of a royal decree issued by the Spanish King in The Revolutionary Movement. The inertia and incapacity of the bourgeois political parties to fight against the military regime - even some of those parties joined the regime in one way or another.
The History of Cuban-American Relations. The US establishes the “School of the Americas” in Panama as a combat training school for Latin American soldiers.
Newly elected US President Richard Nixon directs the CIA to intensify covert actions against .