He was one of the most important black leaders of his era. Martin Luther King, Jr. He attended the Atlanta public schools. Following graduation from Morehouse College inKing entered Crozer Theological Seminary, having been ordained the previous year into the ministry of the National Baptist Church.
He is studied by schoolchildren of all backgrounds; his words are quoted by the powerless and the powerful, by anyone who has a dream to make her or his life better, to better the nation, or the world. Monuments have been dedicated in his honor and institutions such as the Center for Nonviolent Social Change in Atlantawhich bears his name, have been established to carry on his work.
Inthe U. Congress made King unique among twentieth-century Americans by designating his birthday a federal holiday. King was born into a family of Baptist ministers. Martin Luther King, Sr.
As the son of a pastor growing up among the black middle class, the young King was afforded some opportunities for education and experience not available to children in poorer urban and rural areas.
Yet despite his social standing, he was still subjected to the lessons of segregation because of his color. So, after completing high school early, he entered nearby Morehouse College in with thoughts of becoming a lawyer or doctor.
Later, influenced by the teachings of George D. Kelsey, a religion professor, and Dr. By graduation inhe had decided to accept it as his vocation.
In King entered the Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvaniawhere for the next three years he studied theology, philosophy, ethics, the Social Gospel of Walter Rauschenbuschand the religious and social views of Reinhold Niebuhr.
It was also during this time that King first learned of the nonviolent activism of Mohandas Gandhi. He was elected student-body president, was valedictorian of his class, won a prize as outstanding student, and earned a fellowship for graduate study.
Again he impressed his professors with his passion for learning and his intellect. After completing his coursework, King began a dissertation in which he would compare the religious views of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman.
Emerging from Boston University, King had a number of avenues available to him—pursuing a career as a professor, returning to Atlanta to join his father at Ebenezer, or becoming the pastor of his own church, in the North or in the South.
He installed himself as full-time pastor in September of During his first year at Dexter, King finished his dissertation and worked to organize his new church, to activate the social and political awareness of his congregation, and to blend his academic learning with the emotional oratory of the Southern preacher.
He had begun to settle into his role as preacher and new father when the events of December,thrust upon him the mantle of local civil rights leader. After a successful first day of boycotting, the groups formed the Montgomery Improvement Association MIA to oversee the community action and to work with the city and busline officials to bring about fairer treatment of blacks within the existing laws.
For days, King and the black community maintained the boycott while white officials from the city and the busline resisted their modest demands: During this period, the MIA convinced black-owned taxis to reduce their fares to enable boycotters to afford a means of transportation.
Then, when the city blocked that measure, the group organized carpools. King was arrested, slandered, received hate mail and phone threats, and his house was bombed; but from the outset he preached nonviolence to the black boycotters.
After Montgomery city officials refused to be moved to change by a number of related federal court decisions, the black community finally won more than it had asked for when the U.
Supreme Court upheld a federal court decision that ruled against segregation in Montgomery. On December 21,the integration of Montgomery city buses became mandatory. King toured the country giving speeches, appearing at rallies, meeting with elected officials and candidates, and writing a book about the Montgomery experience.
In he traveled to Ghana to join in its independence celebration; in he traveled to India to meet with Nehru and other associates of Gandhi. From to King and the SCLC renewed their direct action against segregation at the voting booth, at schools, at lunch counters, and at bus stations.
These efforts contributed to the eventual desegregation of stores, buses and bus stations. Yet, along with these successes, King and the Civil Rights Movement also encountered failures. In December of the SCLC joined members of the black community of Albany, Georgiain their effort to end segregation in that city.
In the end, the city government and law enforcement officials refused to make any substantial concessions and avoided resorting to violence.
Birmingham Protest March King was able to redeem himself in the spring of in Birmingham, Alabama, a city considered by many to be the most segregated in the country. King and the SCLC were invited by local black leaders to help organize a protest to end segregation in downtown stores, to achieve equal opportunity in employment, and to establish a biracial commission to promote further desegregation.
In order to attract attention to their demands and to put pressure on local businesses, the protesters employed a march. Birmingham police moved against the first march with clubs and attack dogs and the state court issued an injunction barring further protests. When King and close associate Ralph Abernathy defied the court order, they were arrested and placed in solitary confinement.
He rejoined the protesters.Watch video · Coretta Scott King was an American civil rights activist and the wife of s civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
Learn more about her life on leslutinsduphoenix.com African-American activist, and wife of civil-rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., who took on an independent role in the civil-rights movement in the years following her husband's assassination in The African American minister and Nobel Prize winner Martin Luther King, Jr.
(), originated the nonviolence strategy within the activist civil rights movement. He was one of the most important black leaders of his era.
Martin Luther King, Jr., was born on January 15, , in Atlanta, Ga. The Martin Luther King, Jr. Historic Site, a 23 acre area was listed as a National Historic Landmark on May 5, , and was made a National Historic Site on October 10, by .
Lewis V. leslutinsduphoenix.com is a Balm in Gilead: The Cultural Roots of Martin Luther King, leslutinsduphoenix.comss Press. pp.. Taylor leslutinsduphoenix.coma in the King Years. Selma is a historical drama film directed by Ava DuVernay and written by Paul Webb.
It is based on the Selma to Montgomery voting rights marches led by James Bevel, Hosea Williams, Martin Luther King, Jr., and John leslutinsduphoenix.com film stars actors David Oyelowo as King, Tom Wilkinson as President Lyndon B.
Johnson, Tim Roth as George Wallace, Carmen Ejogo as Coretta Scott King, and Common Produced by: Christian Colson, Oprah Winfrey, Dede Gardner, Jeremy Kleiner.